Adjust the house to the landscape is the first task that must be solved when construction in difficult terrain. If the block of land has a slope of up to 20% – was a bit “unusual terrain. The difficulties began to appear on steeper slopes than this.
The main problem can be divided into three categories:
1) Several additional studies to determine the risk of sliding down into the ground to
2) foundations and pipes will require a little more work
3) Further work may be required on the ground level
And of course, one of the above results in additional costs.
If the assignment is in danger of slipping on the floor, as the land has a steep rocky slope down and have a lot of rain or groundwater – no sense to build on it.
However, if it does not, then build a steep slope can produce interesting results. History has many examples of people who are facing difficult circumstances, creating the most beautiful structures, some of which are still visible today. They include the city of Machu Picchu in Peru, a great European castles, watchtowers Svan high in the mountains of Georgia, and strong Metsada Israel.
To make the idea of building on the difficult reality of the earth, many things have to fall together:
1) The desire to build a particular block of land and the ability to finance the process
2) Architects and talented engineers who can go home to help make safe and healthy
3) qualified manufacturers able to perform all in accordance with the plans
So what is the advantage of building on the slopes? First, there is no comparable views from the terrace. In addition, you can create different levels: the garage level to the upper room, bedrooms and living room below and a patio and a garden on a lower level. The best thing about this arrangement is that the roads and sidewalks – with all the noise and dust – are left, while the houses located downstream. More than the house is now exposed to sunlight. Parks may have many interesting features like a small patio, steps, miniature wall, a comfortable place.
Another problem to be solved is the health of houses built on the hillside. In many respects, it depends on the terrain below the base. If the soil is mostly sand or mud, so it makes sense to create a foundation plan, concrete wall and the retaining strip, anchored to the ground.
If the foundation must be built on the rock, concrete posts better. The diameter of the desired cell to the house 2 -3 level is 35-40 cm, depth is 8 to 10 meters. A sealing reinforcement mounted in the hole, which is then filled with cement. The maximum load is determined by the technician. All the above methods are intended to brick and concrete houses. Foundations are much easier to make the house more light.
The steep slopes are not the only types of difficult terrain. One of the most famous works in the world – Frank Lloyd Wright’s “Fallingwater” – is a house built on a cliff with a waterfall cascades. Terraced floating above an outdoor waterfall with the freshness of a river. Build more in harmony with the surrounding nature is typically designed and well built.
Another example of these buildings is the famous Sydney Opera House – a caravel with offshore wind fullscreen. However, the story of your screen has a happy ending: the designer who won the bidding, Jorn Utzon architect, originally scheduled for construction is similar to the track full of wind. Unfortunately, the design and construction that can not be done according to the project, which is why it appears when the opera is very different from the way he wants to be.